"See related news, I almost cried." Afternoon of May 30, Zhongguancun an ordinary office, a former ARCA staff met with reporters.
The 863 Project "Ark 3" ran aground because his analysis, a product is generally set aside for two reasons: First, technology can not (can not achieve functional and applications), one market can not (not for profit). Have witnessed in the Ark 1 and 2 of his view, the technical performance of the ark chips is very good, although the application package to do a lot of frustrations encountered.
"Technology has always followed the progress of the market, but I do not understand why the company has been reluctant to expand in the market." Talking about the Ark of the market, except to marvel at the staff.
Ni Guangnan the "Ark" fate
First to see the embedded CPU market prospects of domestic, is Chinese Academy of Engineering Ni Guangnan.
"That was in September 1999." May 30, Ni Guangnan once again accepted to be interviewed.
According to Ni, who recalls that, Lide Lei suddenly find him help. And early access to ICT in Lide Lei when the graduate program, NI Lee two already familiar. "He was very eager to find me, that get inside information, Hitachi U.S. suddenly stopped all the projects outsourced to BBT, and then asked me how to do."
It is worth noting at this time Lide Lei Hitachi Semiconductor companies are still working. Although the business information BBT was Lide Lei does not hold shares of BBT, but Lee has been introduced for the BBT from Hitachi Semiconductor outsourcing companies are also single-handedly manage the transformation of the work of BBT.
"Although Hitachi's project was not finished, but I found through this project, BBT in compiler design, chip design and operating system design talent is already accumulation of sound, basic CPU technology with independent R & D capabilities." Said Ni Guangnan .
Lide Lei Ni Guangnan agreed to the proposal. Subsequently, the Ni come forward to assist the BBT to find venture capital.
March 8, 2000, Beijing, SMIC Microsystems Technology Co., Ltd. ("ARCA" predecessor) was incorporated in Beijing. Legal persons still continue to use the BBT Hu Ming has a registered capital of 6 million yuan. Among them, the Lide Lei Li Dejing brother, sister-in-Zhang Yajun were holding 35% of the shares, the remaining 30% owned by BBT old shareholders Zhao Jianxun, Hu Ming has shared equally.
May 2000, brokered by Ni Guangnan, a keen investor in Shenzhen to support private entrepreneurs willing SMIC slight CPU R & D, then the first document as much as 20 million yuan of funds credited into account.
April 2001, Ark 1, R & D success. May 2001, officially took up Ni SMIC Microsystems vice president of strategic market for SMIC micro do the preliminary work to expand the market. In July, after a high-level expert technical appraisal meeting, held jointly by four ministries and a grand conference, creating a sensation.
After that, the state began to invest large sums of money to support Ark 1, 2, research and development.
"Ark 1" 3 customers
July 2001, the various efforts in the Ni Guangnan, SMIC Beijing Yuxing micro-technology companies to become the first customer - Yuxing company decided to enter the Ark 1, NC market.
At that time, almost all domestic enterprises accustomed to using Intel and AMD as to provide a wealth of supporting applications, and provides the chip-chip solution. Thus, while a good ark 1 performance, but the use of self-designed architecture of the CPU chip, market development is very difficult.
But surprisingly, in Yuxing put in hundreds of million, the SMIC micro eventually to "refuse to supply" returns the first customer.
The reasons do not do, a number of interview before the ark all that innocent employees, "President Lee said do not do not do." The person running the market Ni Guangnan, which is also very confused, "Yuxing pull my personal credit to, Lide Lei single run to it, very heavy blow to me."
October 2001, Ni Guangnan suddenly resigned, but he did not explain why reporters.
November 2001, SMIC began with the second micro-clients, another network computer maker "National Wing" co-operation. Interestingly, people familiar with the memories of co-operation has not yet to a year, in October 2002, "Lee said do not do the president."
By this time, after the ROC government, Digital surface, this is the third micro SMIC customers. According to media reports, in November 2002 in April, the two sides held a grand press conference, Digital China announced the official launch on the same day No. 1 on the Ark of the network computer.
December 2002, Ark 2, a high-profile market. At this time the Ark 2 already incorporates many system-chip peripheral modules. "Ark 1, the initial market development is indeed very difficult, but force the ark face the real needs of the market, the fact that the market reaction on the Ark 2 has changed." Evaluation of a source.
Later, Lenovo, BOE, Tai Fung, the Great Wall and other famous manufacturers to follow suit. By 2003, won in the government procurement network of computer chips are used the ark. At this point, SMIC has changed for the Ark of Microsystem Technology, reputation peaked in the country.
Ark face changing moment
Ark former senior staff have said that from 2002 to 2003, in addition to network-based computer sales, Ark CPU sales did not achieve a breakthrough.
"NC major push by the government, President Lee as long as do government on the line, do not need any marketing. So the company has been marketing personnel shock, after separation from Ni Guangnan constantly changing, and some days as also marketing canceled. "the employee said.
With the NC was gradually proved to be applicable starting from the end of 2003, NC fade out from the government procurement. Ark CPU sales also began to be affected.
The Ark staff believe that this directly led Lide Lei had to give up the idea of CPU, "even before the government procurement list, as in the promotion period, the Ark of the rewards that much." He disclosed that the Ark in 2002 and 2003, the book income -800 million in seven million yuan between the "basic unprofitable."
"Only network computer, in fact, limit the Ark of the performance of the chip market, but the Ark was based on the network computer CPU is so angry, so Ark technology, no other market has a good development." Insiders Analysis .
Senior staff at the Ark seems, embedded CPU market capacity can not be questioned. Lide Lei reason to abandon the "Ark 3", "after all he is a businessman holding a foreign passport, making outsourcing used to make quick money, the pursuit of the business is clearly higher than the CPU for the understanding of the importance of domestic."
"Ark around the beginning of 2005 to work as PHS." Insiders said the Ark to get a U.S. technology company millions of dollars in outsourcing.
According to reports, this U.S. company called Spansion, the Ark of technology to provide millions of dollars in project funding, the Ark of technology to make PHS (PHS), and FLASH. Because it was not good at communication technology, intellectual property PHS also purchased from abroad, and then developed in the domestic reform.
Prior to this, Lide Lei began publicly stated on various occasions in the Zhongguancun give up CPU. Thus, a design company doing outsourcing, China's experiencing the core of the glorious 5 years after the return to the same route.
At the same time, business data, in February 2005, Ark technology to adjust the board, except in the Zhongguancun Software Park and the Shenzhen Wei Industrial Co., still retains a location other than the directors, Li 3 people - including Lide Lei, Li Dejing his brother, wife and brother Wang Su , occupied the other three executive seats.
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